It makes perfect sense to get rid of US dollar. Why must China and Russia conduct their business transactions using their rival’s currency? The US dollar is so strong because 80% of world trade take place in US dollar. Besides military might and power, the high demand for US dollar is also driven by perception that it’s the safest currency simply because US is also the world’s biggest economy.
Last month, China and Russia decided to break their dependency on US dollar in their bilateral trade and investment. Bank of Russia, the Russia’s central bank, opened its first overseas office in Beijing on March 14. A week later, ICBC (Industrial and Commercial Bank of China) officially opens for business in Moscow – as a clearing bank for Yuan / Renminbi.
“Financial regulatory authorities of China and Russia have signed a series of major agreements, which marks a new level of financial cooperation. The launching of Renminbi clearing services in Russia will further expand local settlement business and promote financial cooperation between the two countries.” – said Dmitry Skobelkin, deputy governor of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation.
Yi Gang, vice president of the People’s Bank of China, or China’s central bank, called the moves as a sign that Sino-Russian ties and financial cooperation had reached a new level – “China and Russia’s trade volume in 2016 reached US$59.5 billion. I’m glad that the two countries’ financial cooperation has also reached a new stage.”
According to the Chinese State Administration of Taxation, trade turnover between China and Russia increased by 34% in January, 2017. Bilateral trade in that month alone amounted to US$6.55 billion. China’s exports to Russia grew 29.5%, reaching US$3.41 billion, while imports from Russia increased by 39.3% – to US$3.14 billion.
With the creation of the clearing banks, they enable the two countries to further increase bilateral trade and investment while decreasing their dependence on the US dollar. At the end of 2015, the Russian central bank announced the inclusion of the Yuan / Renminbi in its national foreign exchange reserves, making it Russia’s officially recognized reserve currency.
More importantly, the “de-dollarization” cooperation between Beijing and Moscow is also part of anti-money laundering and anti-terrorism efforts. However, amusingly, by creating a huge pool of Yuan / Renminbi liquidity in Russia, it appears China is creating a workaround solution to the sanction-hit Kremlin – a backdoor economic relief.
Coincidently, the setup of clearing banks at each other’s side was timed in such manner that Russian Ministry of Finance is to launch US$1 billion worth of Yuan bonds. The bond issuance, scheduled to take place in one or two months, could be used as test bed for Moscow to raise more money in the future.
Suddenly, Beijing is seen as providing a new breath of life to Russia’s struggling economy. Screw the U.S. for slapping Russia with an “indefinite” sanction for its annexation of Crimea. And with President Trump screaming, whining and bitching about China’s currency manipulation, the U.S. could do something as crazy as sanctions on China too.
China is also set to benefit greatly from gold imports from Russia – the world’s fourth largest gold producer after China, Japan and the U.S. In May 2015, Beijing announced it had established a state-run gold investment fund, aiming to bolster China’s role in global gold trade. The new initiative is a part of China’s ambitious One Belt and One Road plan.
But for now, the main priority is to free both countries – long regarded as America’s major enemies – from the clutches of American aggression in the form of US dollar. Although the amount is small, based on 2016’s trade volume, the US dollar is losing at least US$59.5 billion in foreign exchange support. And that’s just the beginning.